Rise of city-states: athens and sparta located in the southern part of greece on the peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that the differences between athens and sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Introduction during the 5th century bc, greece was dominated by two main powers: democratic athens and the military oligarchy of sparta these city-states were a chart showing differences between sparta and athens categorize statements about the two city-states into the appropriate category (see blank chart, below). 431-404: the second peloponnesian war – athens is defeated by sparta, which now becomes the leading power in greece 399: the athenian philosopher socrates is condemned to death for questioning conventional ideas 338: king philip ii of macedon defeats the greek city-states and imposes his dominion on them. Ancient greek civilization - classical greek civilization: between 500 and 386 bc persia was for the policy-making classes in the largest greek states a constant naturally, it expected the ruling groups or individuals to guarantee payment of tribute and generally deferential behaviour, but then the athenian and spartan. If you asked someone in ancient greece where they were from, they would not say they were from greece, because greece at that time was not a country it was a collection of city-states, each with its own personality and way of doing things they would say they were from athens, or sparta, or corinth, or argos the greeks. Led by athens and sparta, the greek city-states were engaged in a great war with the persian empire at the beginning of the fifth century bc in 498 bc, greek forces sacked the persian city of sardis in 490 bc, the persian king sent a naval expedition across the aegean to attack athenian troops at marathon despite a. In sparta and some other greek city-states, only a rather restricted number of men exercised meaningful political power (thus creating a political system called an two factors perhaps encouraging the emergence of the athenian polis as an incipient democracy were rapid population growth and a rough sense of.
Bbc primary history - ancient greeks - sparta choose a section: land of two kings soldier-state growing up in sparta the 300 spartans land of two kings while athens was trying democracy as a form of government, its rival sparta had two kings one king might stay at home, while the other was away fighting battles. Athens v sparta athens and sparta were probably the two most famous and powerful city states in ancient greece however, they were both very different athens v sparta athens' government ruled as a democracy they were the 1st to ever do this sparta's government ruled as an oligarchy by 2 kings both athens' and. Philip's rise in macedonia lead to another alliance among thebes, sparta, athens and other cities that resisted the idea of philip's expansion to the south the battle of chaeronea in 338 bc marks the end of the greek city-state, with the exception of some cities such as athens that survived until later.
This powerpoint directly assesses the differences between athens and sparta, and can be used to help better understand those differences in a lesson plan: text book sample on the two city-states the following is based upon the table presented on the pbs educational website, “the greeks: crucible of civilization. 646: compare and contrast life in athens and sparta, with emphasis on their roles in the 2 in which classroom are students more likely to be successful athens/sparta interviews • you will interview a person from the rival greek city-state athenians will interview spartans and spartans will interview athenians. Introduction comparing two city-states athenian government athenian economy economy is the way a community or region organizers the manufacture and a great fleet sparta more isolated located on a plain between the mountains and the sea located in the part of greece known as the peloponnesus spartans were.
Greek cities: the region we think of as ancient greece was not one unified area rather, individual city-states held power and promoted their own culture by far, the two most powerful cities were athens and sparta. The valley of the eurotas river, unusually fertile for greece, is a rich prize conquered in the 12th century bc by dorians - few but fierce invaders compared to the settled people they in 480 the threat from persia brings sparta and athens together, with most of the other city-states of mainland greece, in a rare show of unity. Actually the disadvantage of athens was even more significant because, as documented by fleck, hansen (2006), the fertility of soil in sparta was far superior to that of athens and more grain could be produced there with less effort and investment 3 differences in the institutions of the two city-states.
Athens vs sparta during the times of ancient greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy the city-states of athens and sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively the focus of the times was directed towards military capabilities, while the. The technique of minting coins arrived in mainland greece around 550 bc, beginning with coastal trading cities like aegina and athens their use spread, and the city-states quickly secured a monopoly on their creation the very first coins were made from electrum (an alloy of gold and silver), followed by pure silver, the. Athens and sparta are two good examples of city-states in ancient greece that contrasted greatly with each another.
Introduction spartan and athenian society were very different in many aspects however, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common the differences are what set the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what united them as greek city-states sparta and athens. Introduction ancient greece was constituted of city-states ('polis') that is of small autonomous cities which operated as autonomous independent states despite athens those two greek cities can offer, through examination and investigation emerging from the study of the educational systems of sparta and athens.
Introduction greece in 1000 bc was a world of villages most people lived in communities of just a few dozen souls even the largest settlement, athens ( figure 1) the “urban” centers of most city-states probably numbered just a thousand or two these were large villages, not cities, feeding themselves in most years. Year 3: ancient greece (5 lessons) contents include: greek city states athens sparta the persian wars marathon and thermopylae suggested teacher the two civilisations this led athens and sparta, who were once enemies, to unite in order to defeat the persian army give the pupils a brief introduction of.
Athens vs sparta during the times of ancient greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy the city-states of athens and sparta are the political differences of sparta and athens athens and sparta were two of the most powerful and well known cities among all the greek nations. Quick visual on the differences between spartan and athenian life. The polis emerged from the dark ages which followed the fall of the mycenaean civilization in greece and by the 8th century bce a significant process of urbanisation had begun there were eventually over 1,000 poleis in the greek world but among the most important were athens, sparta, corinth,. Ancient athens and sparta were similar in several ways and different in several ways.