Although south africa does not have a national air quality problem, a number of air pollution “hot spots” exist the primary legislation governing air quality is the south african constitution, specifically section 24 that although outdoor sources often dominate air pollution emissions, indoor sources frequently dominate air. Dr mdluli replied that there was a suite of problems in sa contributing to bad air quality, and all air problems needed to be addressed collectively this included domestic and industry problems a huge problem was the scarcity of skills, which was being dealt with the chairperson noted a formal apology. Household energy, indoor air pollution and child respiratory health in south africa brendon barnesi angela matheeii elizabeth thomasiii nigel bruceiv i school of human and community development, university of the witwatersrand and environment and health research unit, medical research council of south africa. Affordable energy supply and reductions in emissions of local air pollution and greenhouse gases are each important aspects of south africa's goals many traditional solutions, however, work in contra- diction to one another this work investigates effects on estimated emissions and costs of mitigation strategies using the. While most major environmental hazards have been improving with development gains and industrialisation, outdoor (or “ambient particulate”) air pollution from traffic, power generation and industries is increasing rapidly, especially in fast- developing countries such as egypt, south africa, ethiopia and. The only country on the continent that has ambient air quality standards enforced by air quality laws and regulations is south africa other countries have either of air pollution are in africa the amount of air pollution in any given location is affected by a combination of local, regional and distant sources.
A study  in south africa focused on the impact of an alternative ignition process for coal fires on indoor air quality the study reported that the upside- down ignition method in a commonly used burning appliance (the brazier or “ mbawula”)—where fires are ignited with coal at the bottom, paper/wood. Indoor air pollution from domestic fuel burning – why is it important – what are the health effects • international studies on iap from domestic fuel burning – kenya – bangladesh – pakistan – sri lanka – guatemala • indoor air pollution issues in south africa • current activities in sa regarding iap • other sources of. Indoor air pollution caused by the smoke from burning firewood is known to lead to severe health problems: the who estimates 43 million deaths a year in fact, the value of charcoal production in africa was estimated at more than $8 billion in 2007, creating livelihoods for about seven million women and.
Indoor air pollution is caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels for cooking and cleaning deaths from air pollution are largely concentrated in asia and africa north africa and middle east central asia southeast asia sub-saharan africa east asia south asia source: institute for health metrics and evaluation (ihme. 1033 domestic fuel burning 1034 industrial emissions 1035 biomass burning 1036 landfill site gas emissions 1037 tyre burning emissions 1038 airport emissions 1039 agricultural emissions 104 common air pollutants in south africa 105 ambient air quality monitoring in south. This is one of the findings of a recently-released uk study conducted by researchers led by shane hussey at the university of leicester into pollutants released into the air from industry and other sources - which, say local experts, can be extended to pollution exposure in south africa the researchers. Reliable data on trends in household energy use are not available for most countries information is available from india, where the percentage of rural homes using firewood fell from 80 percent in 1993–94 to 75 percent in 1999– 2000 (d'sa and narasimha murthy 2004) nationally, liquid petroleum gas (lpg) use.
Despite widespread electrification, over half of south african households are still primarily dependant on solid fuels for cooking and space heating (statistics south africa, 2003), resulting in levels of indoor air quality that often exceed international guidelines (kossove, 1982 terblanche et al, 1992, 1993. Concern influenced by environmental pollution in south africa •children under five years old are considered to be susceptible to ari through indoor air pollution exposure for a number of reasons ✓the epithelial linings of children's lungs are not fully developed resulting in greater permeability of pollutants.
This study was conducted in giyani, limpopo province, south africa the main aim was to assess indoor air quality indoor pm and temperature were monitored to describe seasonal and diurnal patterns of indoor pm4 concentration and to estimate the association between pm concentrations and indoor as. During the past 10 years, our published data from africa have shown that (a) biomass fuel smoke was associated with high levels of household air pollution, (b ) symptoms and impaired lung function were associated with biomass fuel smoke exposure and poverty, and (c) household air pollution was. Using the us environmental protection agency's environmental benefits mapping and analysis program (benmap), we developed a south african benmap model with local data this required spatially-explicit information on the population, mortality rates, locally measured air pollution values, and economic data. Household energy, indoor air pollution and child respiratory health in south africa brendon barnes1, angela mathee1, nigel bruce3 & elizabeth thomas1,2 1medical research council of south africa, environment and health research unit, parktown, johannesburg, south africa 2university of the witwatersrand, school.
Drivers of air pollution in south africa session 31 patience what are the air pollution drives in south africa • what has been the trends 2014 ukso2emissons,tonnes/year other sources domestic combustion - coal coal power stations fuel combustion (not incl coal ps, domestic) clean air acts 1956, 68 controls. Similar research, released by the world bank in september, said air pollution kills 20 000 people a year in south africa this costs the local economy nearly r300-million a year in healthcare costs and lost human potential its research report, air pollution: strengthening the economic case for action,. Air pollution is contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the some 88% of those premature deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries, and the greatest number in the who western pacific and south-east asia.
For over 20 years practical action has been leading research into the effects of indoor air pollution, and advocating the large-scale changes that will save lives and the global alliance for clean cookstoves aims to provide 100 million clean-burning stoves to households in africa, asia and south america by 2020. The south african challenge – household fuel-burning certain human-made pollutants such as household fuel burning proves more difficult to manage for many living in informal settlements, air pollution is part of everyday life and not seen as something harmful or out of place smoke blankets, from household fires is a. Shift challenges of airquality in south africa air quality week 2015 1 - 2 october | bloemfontein annual conference proceedings challenges of air quality in south africa” since naca the air pollutant emissions depend on local conditions, including the depth of the shale, distance. Solenco sa searches the world to bring the best technological advances in air quality control systems such as dehumidifiers, air purifiers, humidifiers, heaters and evaporative coolers to south africa.
Abstract indoor air pollution due to the indoor burning of polluting fuels has been associated with acute lower respiratory infections (alri) amongst chil- dren less than five years old this paper reviews evi- dence of the association between household energy, indoor air pollution and child alri in south africa. Welcome to the south african air quality information system (saaqis) home page saaqis, provides a common platform for managing air quality information in south africa it makes data available to stakeholders including the public and provides a mechanism to ensure uniformity in the way air quality data is managed. This paper aims to accurately quantify and characterise the mass concentrations of particulate matter experienced within both the indoor (pm4) and ambient (pm 10, pm25) environments of kwadela, a low-income settlement located on the south african highveld furthermore, an attempt was made to link the indoor and.